Understanding provisions of withholding taxes under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001

This blog is written by Mr. Ehtisham Sohail, Associate Taxation and Corporate Services. Please read this blog and provide your valued comments.

Understanding provisions of withholding taxes under the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001

  1. Introduction:

1.1) Provisions of withholding taxes are probably one of the most efficient methods of tax collection at source or in advance as the case may be implemented by the tax authorities.

1.2) There are three following major benefits of implementation of withholding taxes:

  1. Taxes are deposited in government treasury at the time of transaction (Div III Part V Chapter X)
  2. Taxes are deposited in government treasury advance (Div I & II Part V Chapter X, Chapter XII)
  3. The responsibility of tax collection is transferred to the withholding agents instead of tax department

1.3) There are effectively following types of withholding taxes:

  • Income Tax withholding from salary under section 149 of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001
  • Income tax withholding other than salary

1.4) Withholding taxes can be explained as retention taxes in which certain persons prescribed as withholding agents are bound to deduct a portion of tax from the suppliers or employees salaries at the time of payment and are supposed to deposit the tax deducted within a certain time as specified in the Government treasury.

1.5) As per clause 7 of section 153 of the Income Tax Ordinance 2001 following persons are prescribed as withholding agents:

  • The Federal Government;
  • a company;
  • an association of persons constituted by or under law;
  • a non-profit organisation;
  • a foreign contractor or consultant;
  • a Consortium or joint venture;
  • an exporter or an export house for the purpose of sub section 2 of section 153;
  • an association of persons having turnover of 50 million rupees or above in tax year 2007 or in any subsequent year;
  • an individual having turnover of 50 milion rupees or above in the tax year 2009 or in any subsequent year; or
  • a person registered under the Sales Tax Act, 1990

1.6) The following entities are required to deduct tax on account of payment of rent under section 155:

  • a charitable institution,
  • a private educational institution,
  • a boutique,
  • a beauty parlour,
  • a hospital,
  • a clinic,
  • a maternity home, or
  • individuals or association of persons paying gross rent of Rs.1.5 million and above in a year.

2. Procedure of Withholding Taxes:

2.1) The withholding agent as prescribed must after deduction of tax shall initially create a PSID for the submission of the tax deducted in to the Government treasury through the web portal of FBR and once the payment is cleared the PSID will thereon be converted to CPR.

2.2) Every withholding agent shall at the time of collection of deduction of tax furnish a certificate of tax deduction under section 164 of the Income Tax Ordinance 2001 as per rule 42 of the Income Tax Rules, 2002 to the supplier along with copies of challan of payment so that the supplier or the employee may adjust the tax deducted in his annual tax return as advance taxes

2.3) Once the withholding agent has deducted the taxes at source he is required to file monthly statements under section 149 (for salary) and 165 (other than salary) of the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001

2.4) This statement shall consist of the following:

  • Acknowledgement of the monthly statements submitted; and
  • Monthly statement in detail consisting of individual line items containing Name, Address, Amount, Tax rate,  Tax e.t.c.

2.5) The monthly statements of withholding taxes shall be submitted on every 15th of the subsequent month.

Ehtisham Sohail